The following are 10 factors affecting educational planning in Nigeria
1. Poor Parenting/Guidance
Parenting, entails caring, protection, guidance, provision of basic needs for a child up keep in order for him or her to be properly equipped to meet with the challenges of life, in accordance with the laws of the land.
However, some Nigerian parents aid examination malpractice by paying teachers to effect malpractices in order to brighten the chances of their children or wards in qualifying examination to higher institutions and some even progress on this act through the tertiary level of education.
Nigeria’s schooling system has reached a level, which deserves the declaration of a state of emergency. Poor education, over the years, has bred indiscipline and indiscipline is the bane of the Nigerian society today and calls for restoration of a proper academic culture in Nigeria.
2. Acute Shortage of Teachers
In many schools across Nigeria, don’t be surprise to find an English Language teacher giving lessons on mathematics or even Biology. This is because these schools lack a complete set of teachers. Consequently, a school lacking a Mathematics teacher might allow a history teacher to give lessons mathematics lessons.
This is the more reason why one may not have the gut to quarry the mass promotion syndrome been practice in schools because the system itself is not balanced.
3. Lack of Funding:
The entire country lacks adequate funding for school, but the situation is worse in the north. In fact, the UN estimated that about 53% of kids don’t go to school in the region because of poverty. Throughout the country, the minimum wage is only $90 a month and so, when it comes to affording a higher education, it can be difficult to afford. This is because the average cost of public universities is $125-$500 per year, and the average cost of private institutions is $2,700 annually.
4. Gender Inequality:
Culturally, Nigeria has practices that limits or stops females from getting an education, starting from a young age. This gender inequality is also stronger in the north, and the negative effects are seen throughout a woman’s life.
The schools are tremendously overcrowded. Some areas in Nigeria have a student-to-teacher ratio of 100 to 1. Additionally, the lack of schools means that some students have to go to far lengths to even attend an institution, and then when they do, all students are placed in one classroom. The lack of universities and seats means that there is a higher demand for those seeking education than the country can fill.
6. Lack Quality of Education
Because of the poor conditions and lack of infrastructure, and at times, not even having teachers available, the quality of education is undoubtedly inferior to other countries around the world. This is why so many Nigerian students choose to study abroad or online. Nigerians tend to study in the UK, US, Canada, Australia and Germany to make up for the low quality of education within their home country.
7. Untrained Teachers and Low Salaries:
The poverty-ridden country also means that the teachers who show up don’t get paid well. Therefore, there isn’t a high incentive for people to go into the profession to make up for the low supply. It’s a cyclical problem.
- Conflict-Ridden Country:
Nigeria has faced its fair share of internal conflict. For example, in the northeast (Borno, Yobe, Adamawa), because of war and political instability, 802 schools are closed, almost 500 are destroyed, and about 1,392 are damaged, but are said to be repairable.
- Poor Orientation
In view of the current state of events in Nigeria’s schooling system, (with promotion and encouragement of examination malpractices and other related irregularities in schools at all levels), the habit of reading, procurement of books and other skills development materials has fallen greatly among a number of students.
This days, Nigerian students are more interested in ‘sorting’ to pass examination. This trend is also observed to have close relationship with rising sexual promiscuity among students.
- Poor Preparation and Examination Malpractices
In view of the rising costs of education (school fees, enrollment fees, cost of books and other materials) students and even their parents will not ordinarily want to be held back by any form of deficit or failure in any of the required subjects, hence will go to any length to ensure success.
In some cases, some teachers at the secondary school level are involved by way of encouraging students to contribute money (cooperation fees) in order to secure the needed assistance during such examinations. The teachers do this because of greed.
Majority of students in secondary schools on annual basis choose to enroll and sit for their final year external examination in schools in the interior and some private schools where they are very sure they would be allowed to cheat and pass the examination. (10 factors affecting educational planning in Nigeria).