Abstract: The research study was conducted on Causes of Concord Errors among Ibibio-English Bilinguals. It was carried out in five secondary schools in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. The instrument for data collection was a well structured questionnaire for the respondents who where students. The population of the study consisted of two hundred students, sampled out of 3,877 students from the schools selected for the study. The three research questions formulated and used to guide the study. Literature review was carried out on areas related to the study. Simple percentage computation was used to analyze the data collected. The result of the findings, however, revealed that: Lack of understanding of the rules of concord can cause concord errors among Ibibio- English bilinguals. The method of teaching adopted by the teacher can cause concord errors among Ibibio- English bilinguals. The language of the immediate environment of the learners can be responsible for poor concord performance among Ibibio- English bilinguals.
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study
The term “concord” can be defined as agreement of harmony, which must exist among the parts of a sentence. This harmony principally relates to subject/verb and pronoun/antecedent and to number, gender, person, time and voice.
The rules of concord states that, the subject of a sentence should agree with its verb in a singular verb while a plural subject goes with a plural verb. There are rules of concord that guide in the formation of English words and sentences. For instance, a plural noun is formed by adding‘s’ ‘es’ to its singular form, while s singular verb is formed by addition of ‘s’ ‘es’ or ‘ies’ to it.
Accordingly Iyoha (2005), states that formation of English sentences follows stipulated rules. None adherence to these rules result in a number of sentence errors. Some users of English as a second language often encounter problems in their attempt to arrange English words in agreeable patterns (P.17).
The formation of sentences is agreeable and meaningful patterns can be possible through proper understanding of the rules of concord. Previous studies in language indicate that many bilinguals’ nations who use English as a second language find it difficult to adapt to proper standard of usage of English Language.
This problem may be caused by a list of factors. Many writers of language textbooks and researchers have made tremendous contributions to expose Nigerian-English bilingual groups to the proper way of using the language through well-stated rules. Unfortunately, there are concord errors often made by people in using the language. Many indices have been considered to find out what are the causes of concord errors among bilingual nations, but the researcher is motivated to carry out a research study on causes of concord errors among Ibibio-English bilinguals, with specific reference to Nsit people of Akwa Ibom State.
In a nutshell, the research project is carried out to find out causes of concord errors among Ibibio-English bilinguals, so as to proffer a reliable solution to the problem.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The poor performance of student of English in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area is attributable to lack of understanding of the rules of concord which may be as a result of poor method of teaching by the teachers.
It is also possible that the problem may be caused by the difference in structure between the English language and the language of the immediate community, which is Ibibio language. Several other factors are attributable to the cause of the problem.
Consequently, this study is focused on identifying whether any of these stated problems is responsible for the poor concord performance of Ibibio English bilinguals in Nsit Ibom Local Government Area, so as to proffer a reliable solution to the problem.